SNFGE SNFGE
 
Thématique :
- Endoscopie/Imagerie
Originalité :
Très original
Solidité :
Très solide
Doit faire évoluer notre pratique :
Immédiatement
 
 
Nom du veilleur :
Docteur Jean-Michel ROUILLON
Coup de coeur :
 
 
Gastroenterology
  2016/10  
 
  2016 Oct 20. pii: S0016-5085(16)35240-4  
  doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2016.10.016  
 
  Outcomes of Pregnancies for Women Undergoing Endoscopy While They Were Pregnant-a Nationwide Cohort Study.  
 
  Ludvigsson JF, Lebwohl B, Ekbom A, Kiran R, Green PH, Höijer J, Stephansson O  
  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Outcomes+of+Pregnancies+for+Women+Undergoing+Endoscopy+While+They+Were+Pregnant-a+Nationwide+Cohort+Study.  
 
 

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

Endoscopy is an integral part of the investigation and management of gastrointestinal disease. We aimed to examine outcomes of pregnancies for women who underwent endoscopy during their pregnancy.

METHODS:

We performed a nationwide population-based cohort study, linking data from the Swedish Medical Birth Registry (for births from 1992 through 2011) with those from the Swedish Patient Registry. We identified 3052 pregnancies exposed to endoscopy (2025 upper endoscopies, 1109 lower endoscopies, 58 endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatographies). Using Poisson regression, we calculated adjusted relative risks (ARRs) for adverse outcomes of pregnancy according to endoscopy status using 1,589,173 unexposed pregnancies as reference. To consider the effects of disease activity, we examined pregnancy outcomes (preterm birth, stillbirth, small for gestational age [SGA], or congenital malformations) in women who underwent endoscopy just before or after pregnancy. Secondary factors included induction of labor, low birth weight (<2500g), cesarean section, Apgar score below 7 at 5 minutes, and neonatal death within 28 days. To consider intra-familial factors, we compared pregnancies within the same mother.

RESULTS:

Exposure to any endoscopy during pregnancy was associated with an increased risk of preterm birth (ARR, 1.54; 95% CI, 1.36-1.75) or SGA (ARR, 1.30; 95% CI, 1.07-1.57) but not of congenital malformation (ARR, 1.00; 95% CI, 0.83-1.20) or stillbirth (ARR, 1.45; 95% CI, 0.87-2.40). None of the 15 stillbirths to women with endoscopy occurred less than 2 weeks after endoscopy. ARRs were independent of trimester. Compared to women with endoscopy less than 1 year before or after pregnancy, endoscopy during pregnancy was associated with preterm birth (ARR, 1.16) but not with SGA (ARR, 1.19), stillbirth (ARR, 1.11), or congenital malformation (ARR, 0.90). Restricting the study population to women having an endoscopy during pregnancy or before/after, and only analyzing data from women without a diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease, celiac disease, or liver disease, endoscopy during pregnancy was not linked to preterm birth (ARR, 1.03; 95% CI, 0.84-1.27). Comparing births within the same mother, for which only 1 birth had been exposed to endoscopy, we found no association between endoscopy and gestational age or birth weight.

CONCLUSIONS:

In a nationwide population-based cohort study, we found endoscopy during pregnancy to be associated with increased risk of preterm birth or SGA, but not of congenital malformation or stillbirth. However, these risks are small and likely due to intra-familial factors or disease activity.

 
Question posée
 
Quelles sont les conséquences de la réalisation d'une endoscopie pendant la grossesse ?
 
Question posée
 
La réalisation d'une quelconque endoscopie ( haute , basse , CPRE) pendant la grossesse augmente le risque de naissance prématurée ou de retard de croissance in-utero mais n'augmente pas le RR de malformations congénitales ou la mortinatalité . Ce risque est somme toute faible et est dû probablement à des facteurs intrafamiliaux. Il semble lié également à l'activité de la maladie qui a motivé l'endoscopie (MICI , maladie coeliaque ou hépatopathie).
 
Commentaires

Cette belle étude suédoise de cohorte portant sur 9 ans confirme  bien qu'il faut réfléchir à deux fois de l'absolue nécessité d'une endoscopie haute ou basse chez la femme enceinte et  ce quelque soit le stade de la grossesse .

 
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