SNFGE SNFGE
 
Thématique :
- Foie
- Cancers autres (hors CCR et CHC)
Originalité :
Réexamen
Solidité :
Très solide
Doit faire évoluer notre pratique :
Dans certains cas
 
 
Nom du veilleur :
Professeur Christine SILVAIN
Coup de coeur :
 
 
Hepatology
  2016/09  
 
  2016 Sep;64(3):785-96  
  doi: 10.1002/hep.28529  
 
  Aspirin use and the risk of cholangiocarcinoma  
 
  Choi J, Ghoz HM, Peeraphatdit T, Baichoo E, Addissie BD, Harmsen WS, Therneau TM, Olson JE, Chaiteerakij R, Roberts LR  
  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26940227  
 
 

Whether aspirin use is protective against cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) remains unclear. We determined the association between aspirin use and other risk factors for each CCA subtype individually. In a hospital-based case-control study, 2395 CCA cases (1169 intrahepatic, 995 perihilar, and 231 distal) seen at the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, from 2000 through 2014 were enrolled. Controls selected from the Mayo Clinic Biobank were matched two to one with cases by age, sex, race, and residence (n = 4769). Associations between aspirin use, other risk factors, and CCA risk were determined. Aspirin was used by 591 (24.7%) CCA cases and 2129 (44.6%) controls. There was a significant inverse association of aspirin use with all CCA subtypes, with adjusted odds ratios (AORs) of 0.35 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.29-0.42), 0.34 (95% CI 0.27-0.42), and 0.29 (95% CI 0.19-0.44) for intrahepatic, perihilar, and distal CCA, respectively (P < 0.001 for all). Primary sclerosing cholangitis was more strongly associated with perihilar (AOR = 453, 95% CI 104-999) than intrahepatic (AOR = 93.4, 95% CI 27.1-322) or distal (AOR = 34.0, 95% CI 3.6-323) CCA, whereas diabetes was more associated with distal (AOR = 4.2, 95% CI 2.5-7.0) than perihilar (AOR = 2.9, 95% CI 2.2-3.8) or intrahepatic (AOR = 2.5, 95% CI 2.0-3.2) CCA. Cirrhosis not related to primary sclerosing cholangitis was associated with both intrahepatic and perihilar CCA, with similar AORs of 14. Isolated inflammatory bowel disease without primary sclerosing cholangitis was not associated with any CCA subtype.

CONCLUSIONS:

Aspirin use was significantly associated with a 2.7-fold to 3.6-fold decreased risk for the three CCA subtypes; our study demonstrates that individual risk factors confer risk of different CCA subtypes to different extents. (Hepatology 2016;64:785-796).

 
Question posée
 
L’aspirine diminue-t-elle le risque de cholangiocarcinome ?
 
Question posée
 
Cette étude reprend les facteurs de risque connus du cholangiocarcinome tels que la cholangite sclérosante primitive mais aussi le diabète et confirme le bénéfice de la prise d’aspirine quelle que soit la localisation du cholangiocarcinome (0R 0,30).
 
Commentaires

Oui, mais… quelle dose, pendant combien de temps, est-ce vrai en dehors du Minesota étude de la Mayo Clinic ?

 
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