SNFGE SNFGE
 
Thématique :
- Foie
Originalité :
Très original
Solidité :
Très solide
Doit faire évoluer notre pratique :
Pas encore
 
 
Nom du veilleur :
Professeur Jean-Marie PERON
Coup de coeur :
 
 
Gastroenterology
  2016/09  
 
  2016 Sep;151(3):448-456.e1.  
  doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2016.05.021  
 
  Efficacy of the Combination of Sofosbuvir, Velpatasvir, and the NS3/4A Protease Inhibitor GS-9857 in Treatment-Naïve or Previously Treated Patients With Hepatitis C Virus Genotype 1 or 3 Infections.  
 
  Gane EJ, Schwabe C, Hyland RH, Yang Y, Svarovskaia E, Stamm LM, Brainard DM, McHutchison JG, Stedman CA  
  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27240903  
 
 

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

We performed a phase 2 trial of the efficacy and safety of 4, 6, and 8 weeks of sofosbuvir, given in combination with the NS5A inhibitor velpatasvir and the NS3/4A protease inhibitor GS-9857, in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection.

METHODS:

We enrolled 161 treatment-naïve or previously treated patients infected with HCV genotypes 1 or 3 with or without compensated cirrhosis at 2 centers in New Zealand, from September 2014 through March 2015. All patients received sofosbuvir (400 mg) and velpatasvir (100 mg) plus GS-9857 (100 mg) once daily. The primary efficacy end point was sustained virologic response at 12 weeks after therapy (SVR12). The duration of therapy was determined by baseline patient characteristics: 4 or 6 weeks for treatment-naïve patients without cirrhosis, 6 weeks for treatment-naïve patients with cirrhosis, and 6 or 8 weeks for treatment-experienced patients with or without cirrhosis.

RESULTS:

Four weeks of sofosbuvir, velpatasvir, and GS-9857 produced an SVR12 in 4 of 15 (27%) treatment-naïve patients with HCV genotype 1 without cirrhosis. Six weeks of this combination produced a SVR12 in 14 of 15 (93%) treatment-naïve patients with HCV genotype 1 without cirrhosis, in 13 of 15 (87%) treatment-naïve genotype 1 patients with cirrhosis, in 15 of 18 (83%) treatment-naïve patients with HCV genotype 3 with cirrhosis, and in 20 of 30 (67%) patients with HCV genotype 1 who had failed an all-oral regimen of 2 or more direct-acting antiviral agents. Eight weeks of the drug combination produced an SVR12 in 17 of 17 (100%) patients with HCV genotype 1, in 19 of 19 (100%) patients with HCV genotype 3 and cirrhosis who had failed pegylated interferon plus ribavirin, in 25 of 28 (89%) patients with HCV genotype 1 who had failed protease inhibitor-based triple therapy, and in 4 of 4 (100%) patients with HCV genotype 3 who had failed an all-oral regimen of ≥2 direct-acting antiviral agents. The most common reported adverse events were headache, nausea, and fatigue.

CONCLUSIONS:

Eight weeks of treatment with the combination of sofosbuvir, velpatasvir, and GS-9857 produced an SVR12 in most treatment-naïve or previously treated patients with HCV genotype 1 or 3 infections, including those with compensated cirrhosis. ClinicalTrials.gov, Number: NCT02202980.

 
Question posée
 
Phase 2, hépatite chronique C génotypes 1 et 3, cirrhose ou non traitées par la trithérapie GILEAD
 
Question posée
 
8 semaines de traitement suffisent qu’il y ait une cirrhose ou non.
 
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