Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection has been reported in colorectal cancer in many studies. We conducted a meta-analysis to assess the association between HPV infection and colorectal cancer/adenomas in the Chinese population.
Relevant studies up to January 2018 were searched in PubMed, EMBASE, China National Knowledge Infrastructure and the Wanfang database. We used a random effects model to determine the prevalence of HPV and odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). The I2 statistic and P-value from the Cochrane Q-test were used to describe the heterogeneity.
Ten case-control studies involving 766 colorectal cancer patients and 470 controls were included in the meta-analysis. Among the colorectal cancer patients, the pooled prevalence was 0.45 (95% CI 0.36-0.53). The pooled estimate for OR was 10.78 (95% CI 4.22, 27.53). Among the 193 patients with colorectal adenoma, the pooled prevalence and OR were 0.31 (95% CI 0.24-0.37) and 2.03 (95% CI 0.79, 5.26), respectively. The prevalence of HPV 16 and HPV 18 among HPV-positive cancers ranged from 57.9% to 100% and 0% to 39.7%, respectively.
The results indicated that HPV infection, especially HPV 16 and HPV 18, is associated with colorectal cancer in the Chinese population.