SNFGE SNFGE
 
Thématique :
- Colo-proctologie
Originalité :
Intermédiaire
Solidité :
Intermédiaire
Doit faire évoluer notre pratique :
Dans certains cas
 
 
Nom du veilleur :
Docteur Pauline JOUET
Coup de coeur :
 
 
Gastroenterology
  2018/09  
 
  2018 Sep;155(3):661-667.e1.  
  doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2018.05.021.  
 
  Increased Long-term Dietary Fiber Intake Is Associated With a Decreased Risk of Fecal Incontinence in Older Women.  
 
  Staller K, Song M, Grodstein F, Whitehead WE, Matthews CA, Kuo B, Chan AT  
  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29758215  
 
 

Abstract
 

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

Fiber supplements are frequently used as treatment for fecal incontinence (FI), but little is known about the role of dietary fiber in the prevention of FI.

METHODS:

We performed a prospective study to examine the association between long-term dietary fiber intake and risk of FI in 58,330 older women (mean age, 73 years) in the Nurses' Health Study who were free of FI in 2008. Energy-adjusted long-term dietary fiber intake was determined using food frequency questionnaires starting in 1984 and updated through 2006. We defined incident FI as at least 1 liquid or solid FI episode per month during the past year during 4 years of follow-up using self-administered biennial questionnaires. We used Cox proportional hazards models to calculate multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios and 95% CIs for FI according to fiber intake, adjusting for potential confounding factors.

RESULTS:

During 193,655 person-years of follow-up, we documented 7,056 incident cases of FI. Compared with women in the lowest quintile of fiber intake (13.5 g/day), women in the highest quintile (25 g/day) had an 18% decrease in risk of FI (multivariable hazard ratio, 0.82; 95% CI, 0.76-0.89). This decrease appeared to be greatest for risk of liquid stool FI, which was 31% lower in women with the highest intake of fiber compared with women with the lowest intake (multivariable hazard ratio, 0.69; 95% CI, 0.62-0.75). Risk of FI was not significantly associated with fiber source.

CONCLUSIONS:

In an analysis of data from almost 60,000 older women in the Nurses' Health Study, we found higher long-term intake of dietary fiber was associated with decreased risk of FI. Further studies are needed to determine the mechanisms that mediate this association.

 

 
Question posée
 
Existe-t-il une association entre la quantité de fibres ingérées et le risque d’incontinence fécale chez les femmes ?
 
Question posée
 
58,330 femmes âgées en moyenne de 73 ans (Nurses' Health Study) et qui n’avaient pas d’incontinence fécale en 2008, ont été interrogées en 2010 et 2012 pour rechercher une incontinence fécale (au moins une fois par mois). Les patientes qui avaient une alimentation riche en fibres (25g/j) avaient un risque significativement plus faible d’incontinence fécale par rapport aux femmes ayant une alimentation pauvre en fibres (13,5g/j), avec une diminution du risque global d’incontinence (selles liquides ou solides) de 18% et de 31% pour le risque d’incontinence aux selles liquides.
 
Commentaires

Une étude solide montrant une diminution certes modeste mais significative, du risque d’incontinence fécale, en particuliers aux selles liquides, dans le groupe des patientes prenant le plus de fibres soit 25g/j, ce qui correspond finalement à ce qui est actuellement recommandé !

 
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