Optimal management and treatment of type-1 gastric carcinoids is under debate.
This prospective study evaluates the outcome of patients with recurrent type-1 gastric carcinoids treated with somatostatin analogues.
From 2000 to 2013, among a population of 107 chronic atrophic gastritis patients, 25 (20% males, median age 62 years) developed type-1 gastric carcinoids and underwent regular clinical and endoscopic follow-up (median 77 months, range 6-165) after the initial treatment. Those patients showing recurrent disease were treated with somatostatin analogues until carcinoid disappearance.
12/25 patients (33% males, median age 65 years) showed recurrent gastric carcinoids and were treated with somatostatin analogues for a median duration of 12 months. Median gastrin and chromogranin A levels, which were 802pg/mL and 33U/L, respectively, decreased to 299pg/mL (p=0.002) and 15.6U/L (p=0.001) at the end of the treatment. Gastric carcinoids disappeared after a median length of treatment of 12 months. After a median time of 19.5 months from somatostatin analogues discontinuation, 4/12 patients (25% males, median age 56 years) showed a further recurrence. A new cycle of treatment was performed successfully.
This study confirms that type-1 gastric carcinoids are a recurring disease and somatostatin analogues, administered on 12-month cycles, represent an effective treatment.