Thématique :
- Foie (hors cancers)
Originalité :
Solidité :
Doit faire évoluer notre pratique :
Pas encore
Nom du veilleur :
Docteur Jean-Louis PAYEN
Coup de coeur :
Journal of Hepatology
  2017 Nov;67(5):918-924.  
  doi: 10.1016/j.jhep.2017.07.012.  
  Long-term response after stopping tenofovir disoproxil fumarate in non-cirrhotic HBeAg-negative patients – FINITE study☆  
  Berg T, Simon KG, Mauss S, Schott E, Heyne R, Klass DM, Eisenbach C, Welzel TM, Zachoval R, Felten G, Schulze-Zur-Wiesch J, Cornberg M, Op den Brouw ML, Jump B, Reiser H, Gallo L, Warger T, Petersen J; FINITE CHB study investigators [First investigation in stopping TDF treatment after long-term virological suppression in HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B].  



There is currently no virological cure for chronic hepatitis B but successful nucleos(t)ide analogue (NA) therapy can suppress hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA replication and, in some cases, result in HBsAg loss. Stopping NA therapy often leads to viral relapse and therefore life-long therapy is usually required. This study investigated the potential to discontinue tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) therapy in HBeAg-negative patients.


Non-cirrhotic HBeAg-negative patients who had received TDF for ≥4years, with suppressed HBV DNA for ≥3.5years, were randomly assigned to either stop (n=21) or continue (n=21) TDF monotherapy. Standard laboratory tests including HBV DNA viral load, HBsAg and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) measurements, and adverse event reporting were carried out during treatment and post-treatment follow-up for 144weeks.


Of the patients who stopped TDF therapy, 62% (n=13) remained off-therapy to Week 144. Median HBsAg change in this group was -0.59log10IU/ml (range -4.49 to 0.02log10IU/ml) vs. 0.21log10IU/ml in patients who continued TDF therapy. Four patients (19%) achieved HBsAg loss. Patients stopping therapy had initial fluctuations in viral load and ALT; however, at Week 144, 43% (n=9) had either achieved HBsAg loss or had HBV DNA <2,000IU/ml. There were no unexpected safety issues identified with stopping TDF therapy.


This controlled study demonstrated the potential for HBsAg loss and/or sustained virological response in non-cirrhotic HBeAg-negative patients stopping long-term TDF therapy. Lay summary: Nucleos(t)ide analogue (NA) is usually a life-long therapy for HBV patients. This randomised controlled study investigated the discontinuation of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) therapy in HBeAg-negative patients. Of the patients who stopped TDF therapy, 62% remained off-therapy to Week 144, of which 43% of patients had achieved either HBsAg loss or HBV DNA <2,000IU/ml. This offers a potential for long-term HBV-suppressed patients without cirrhosis to stop NA therapy under strict surveillance. Clinical trial number: NCT01320943.


Question posée
Réponse à long terme après l'arrêt du fumarate de ténofovir disoproxil chez des patients Ag HBe négatifs non cirrhotiques - Etude FINITE
Question posée
Cette étude contrôlée a démontré le potentiel de perte de l’AgHBs et / ou de réponse virologique soutenue (ADN VHB < 2000 copies) chez les patients non-cirrhotiques AgHBe-négatifs arrêtant le traitement par tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) pris pendant 4 ans.

Intéressant, mais attention aux effectifs, 21 patients dans chaque groupe !