Thématique :
- Foie
Originalité :
Très original
Solidité :
Doit faire évoluer notre pratique :
Dans certains cas
Nom du veilleur :
Docteur Jean-Louis PAYEN
Coup de coeur :
Journal of Hepatology
  2017 Sep;67(3):549-558.  
  doi: 10.1016/j.jhep.2017.05.009.  
  norUrsodeoxycholic acid improves cholestasis in primary sclerosing cholangitis  
  Fickert P, Hirschfield GM, Denk G, Marschall HU, Altorjay I, Färkkilä M, Schramm C, Spengler U, Chapman R, Bergquist A, Schrumpf E, Nevens F, Trivedi P, Reiter FP, Tornai I, Halilbasic E, Greinwald R, Pröls M, Manns MP, Trauner M; European PSC norUDCA Study Group.  



Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) represents a devastating bile duct disease, currently lacking effective medical therapy. 24-norursodeoxycholic acid (norUDCA) is a side chain-shortened C23 homologue of UDCA and has shown potent anti-cholestatic, anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrotic properties in a preclinical PSC mouse model. A randomized controlled trial, including 38 centers from 12 European countries, evaluated the safety and efficacy of three doses of oral norUDCA (500mg/d, 1,000mg/d or 1,500mg/d) compared with placebo in patients with PSC.


One hundred sixty-one PSC patients without concomitant UDCA therapy and with elevated serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels were randomized for a 12-week treatment followed by a 4-week follow-up. The primary efficacy endpoint was the mean relative change in ALP levels between baseline and end of treatment visit.


norUDCA reduced ALP levels by -12.3%, -17.3%, and -26.0% in the 500, 1,000, and 1,500mg/d groups (p=0.029, p=0.003, and p<0.0001 when compared to placebo), respectively, while a +1.2% increase was observed in the placebo group. Similar dose-dependent results were found for secondary endpoints, such as ALT, AST, γ-GT, or the rate of patients achieving ALP levels <1.5× ULN. Serious adverse events occurred in seven patients in the 500mg/d, five patients in the 1,000mg/d, two patients in the 1500mg/d group, and three in the placebo group. There was no difference in reported pruritus between treatment and placebo groups.


norUDCA significantly reduced ALP values dose-dependently in all treatment arms. The safety profile of norUDCA was excellent and comparable to placebo. Consequently, these results justify a phase III trial of norUDCA in PSC patients. Lay summary: Effective medical therapy for primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is urgently needed. In this phase II clinical study in PSC patients, a side chain-shortened derivative of ursodeoxycholic acid, norursodeoxycholic acid (norUDCA), significantly reduced serum alkaline phosphatase levels in a dose-dependent manner during a 12-week treatment. Importantly, norUDCA showed a favorable safety profile, which was similar to placebo. The use of norUDCA in PSC patients is promising and will be further evaluated in a phase III clinical study. number: NCT01755507.


Question posée
Le norUDCA améliore la cholestase chez les patients atteints de PSC.
Question posée
Le NorUDCA a réduit significativement les valeurs des Ph Al en fonction de la dose dans tous les bras de traitement. Le profil de sécurité du norUDCA était excellent et comparable au placebo. Par conséquent, ces résultats justifient un essai de phase III du norUDCA chez les patients atteints de PSC.

Une avancée dans la prise en charge de cette maladie qui reste un challenge majeur pour notre spécialité. Espérons que l’efficacité sera confirmée sur l’évolution clinique et histologique de la PSC.