Thématique :
- Cancers autres (hors CCR et CHC)
Originalité :
Solidité :
A confirmer
Doit faire évoluer notre pratique :
Pas encore
Nom du veilleur :
Professeur Sylvain MANFREDI
Coup de coeur :
Journal of the National Cancer Institute (JNCI)
  2017 Aug ;109(8).  
  doi: 10.1093/jnci/djw341.  
  A Plasma Biomarker Panel to Identify Surgically Resectable Early-Stage Pancreatic Cancer  
  Balasenthil S, Huang Y, Liu S, Marsh T, Chen J, Stass SA, KuKuruga D, Brand R, Chen N, Frazier ML, Jack Lee J, Srivastava S, Sen S, McNeill Killary A  



Blood-based biomarkers for early detection of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) are urgently needed. Current biomarkers lack high sensitivity and specificity for population screening. The gold-standard biomarker, CA 19-9, also fails to demonstrate the predictive value necessary for early detection.


To validate a functional genomics-based plasma migration signature biomarker panel, plasma tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI), tenascin C (TNC-FN III-C), and CA 19-9 levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays in three early-stage PDAC plasma cohorts, including two independent blinded validation cohorts containing a total of 43 stage I, 163 stage II, 86 chronic pancreatitis, 31 acute biliary obstruction, and 108 controls. Logistic regression models developed classification rules combining TFPI and/or TNC-FN III-C with CA 19-9 for patient cases and control subjects, with or without adjustment for age and diabetes status. Model classification performance was evaluated and analyses repeated among subpopulations without diabetes and pancreatitis history. Two-sided P values were calculated using bootstrap method.


The TFPI/TNC-FN III-C/CA 19-9 panel improved CA 19-9 performance in all early-stage cohorts, including discriminating stage IA/IB/IIA, stage IIB, and all early-stage cancer from healthy controls. Statistical significance was reached for a number of subcohorts, including for all early-stage cancer vs healthy controls (cohort 1 AUC = 0.92, 95% CI = 0.86 to 0.96, P  = .04; cohort 3 AUC = 0.83, 95% CI = 0.76 to 0.89, P  = .045). Among subcohorts without diabetes and pancreatitis history, the panel approaches potential clinical utility for early detection to discriminate early-stage PDAC from healthy controls including an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.87 (95% CI = 0.77 to 0.95) for stage I/IIA, an AUC of 0.93 (95% CI = 0.87 to 0.98) for stage IIB, and a statistically significant AUC of 0.89 (95% CI = 0.82 to 0.95) for all early-stage cancer ( P  = .03).


TFPI/TNC-FN III-C migration signature adds statistically significantly to CA 19-9's predictive power to detect early-stage PDAC and may have clinical utility for early detection of surgically resectable PDAC, as well as for enhanced survival from this routinely lethal cancer.


Question posée
Détermination de biomarqueurs de dépistage ou de diagnostic précoce du cancer du pancréas
Question posée
Le panel de biomarqueurs développé dans cette étude permet sur 3 cohortes différentes la détection du cancer du pancréas et le diagnostic de formes précoces opérables.