SNFGE SNFGE
 
Thématique :
- Foie
- Carcinome hépatocellulaire (CHC)
Originalité :
Intermédiaire
Solidité :
Intermédiaire
Doit faire évoluer notre pratique :
Dans certains cas
 
 
Nom du veilleur :
Professeur Christine SILVAIN
Coup de coeur :
 
 
Hepatology
  2019/06  
 
  2019 Jun;69(6):2533-2545.  
  doi: 10.1002/hep.30591.  
 
  Radiotherapy for Hepatocellular Carcinoma Results in Comparable Survival to Radiofrequency Ablation: A Propensity Score Analysis.  
 
  Hara K, Takeda A, Tsurugai Y, Saigusa Y, Sanuki N, Eriguchi T, Maeda S, Tanaka K, Numata K  
  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30805950  
 
 

Abstract

Potentially curative treatments for early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have drawbacks and contraindications. Recently, radiotherapy has achieved good outcomes. We compared the outcomes of radiotherapy and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for early-stage HCC. Consecutive patients with ≤3 early-stage HCC lesions and tumor diameters ≤3 cm treated with RFA or radiotherapy were reviewed. RFA was the first choice for HCC unsuitable for surgery. Otherwise, stereotactic body radiotherapy in five fractions was mainly performed. For HCC adjacent to the gastrointestinal tract, radiotherapy with mild hypofractionation was performed. Propensity score matching was performed to reduce the selection bias between the RFA and radiotherapy groups. Between 2012 and 2016, a total of 231 patients with 474 tumors and 143 patients with 221 tumors were eligible and were treated with RFA and radiotherapy, respectively. In an unmatched comparison, the 3-year local recurrence rate was significantly lower for radiotherapy than for RFA (5.3%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.7-9.2; versus 12.9%, 95% CI, 9.9-16.2) (P < 0.01). A propensity score matching analysis of 106 patients in each group successfully matched the two treatment groups with regard to Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer staging, T stage, and tumor size but not the adjacency of the tumor to risk organs or first or salvage treatment. The 3-year overall survival rates for RFA and radiotherapy patients were comparable (69.1%; 95% CI, 58.2-77.7; and 70.4%; 95% CI, 58.5-79.4, respectively; P = 0.86).

Conclusion: Radiotherapy has excellent local control and comparable overall survival in patients with well-compensated liver function, exhibiting advantageous characteristics and compensating for the deficiencies of other treatment modalities; radiotherapy appears to be an acceptable alternative treatment option for patients who are not candidates for RFA.

 
 
Question posée
 
Chez les patents avec carcinome hépatocellulaire (CHC) de stade précoce ( ≤3) et de diamètre ≤3 cm et non traitable par chirurgie, la radiofréquence (RFA) est-elle aussi efficace que la radiothérapie ?
 
Question posée
 
Après utilisation d’un score de propension, la survie globale à 3 ans est identique avec un excellent contrôle local et avec une bonne tolérance.
 
Commentaires

Un argument de plus pour la radiothérapie mais il est encore nécessaire de préciser la place exacte de la RFA et de la radiothérapie.

 
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